The Quadrants of Abdominal Pain and When to See the Doctor

The Quadrants of Abdominal Pain and When to See the Doctor

Apr 09, 2021

Abdominal pain is very common in people of all ages. One question that your doctor will always ask when you visit an ER near you with abdominal pain is where it is located. This is because there are many organs in the abdomen, and each requires a different approach for treatment. The doctor needs to be sure of where the pain is coming from so he can provide treatment that suits the situation the most.

Quadrants of the Abdomen

The abdomen is “divided” into four major quadrants, and the location of the pain within the quadrants can give a hint on the cause of the pain. These quadrants include:

Upper Right Quadrant

The upper right quadrant consists of the liver, gallbladder, upper portion of the kidney, parts of the pancreas, and a part of the colon.

Lower Right Quadrant

The lower right quadrant consists of the appendix, lower portion of the kidney, right ureter, part of the colon, right ovary for females, right fallopian tube for ladies, and right spermatic cord for males.

Left Upper Quadrant

It consists of the stomach, spleen, pancreas, part of the colon, part of the liver, and upper portion of the kidney.

Left Lower Quadrant

It consists of the left ureter, part of the colon, lower portion of the kidney, left ovary for females, left fallopian tube for ladies, and left spermatic cord for men.

Causes of Abdominal Pain

There are several conditions that can cause abdominal pains, including intestinal disorders, blockages, inflammation, inflammation, and abnormal growths. Infections in the throat can also allow bacteria to enter the digestive tract, leading to abdominal pains. Menstrual cramps are also a major cause of abdominal pains.

Other causes include constipation, stress, vomiting, acid reflux, and stomach flu. Diseases that directly affect the digestive system can also lead to abdominal pains. Such diseases include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, and lactose intolerance. Kidney stones and gallstones can also cause severe abdominal pain. Talk to us if you are looking for an emergency room in Lake Jackson.

How Doctors Diagnose Abdominal Pain

The cause of abdominal pain is often diagnosed after a series of tests. But before the tests, the doctor is likely going to conduct a physical examination. He may gently press areas of the abdomen, checking for any tenderness or swelling. The physical examination plus the pain’s location will help the doctor figure out the tests to use.

Typically, various tests such as ultrasounds, MRI scans, and x-rays may be conducted to provide a clear picture of the possible cause of the abdominal pain. Other tests that may be conducted include colonoscopy, endoscopy, and upper GI. Colonoscopy examines the colon and intestine, endoscopy checks for stomach and esophagus problems, while upper GI checks for the presence of ulcers, growths, blockages, or inflammation in the stomach.

Preventing Abdominal Pain

Typically, you cannot prevent all forms of abdominal pains. However, you can prevent most of them by doing the following:

  • Drink enough water daily
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat healthy foods but in small quantities.

If you have intestinal disorders, follow your doctor-given diet to minimize the risk of developing abdominal pains. Persons suffering from GERD should always eat their dinner at least two hours before going to bed. Sleeping or lying down too soon after eating increases the risk of abdominal pains and heartburns.

When to See the Doctor

Mild cases of abdominal pain go away without requiring any form of treatment. However, some cases are severe, and you may have to visit the nearest emergency room for treatment. Here are a few symptoms associated with abdominal pain:

  • Bloody stool
  • Vomiting
  • Yellowing of the eyes or skin
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fever of more than 38 degrees Celsius
  • Loss of appetite

You could sit still or curl into a ball, and this may help manage abdominal pain. But if you are breastfeeding or pregnant and you experience abdominal pain, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible. Also, if the pain lasts for more than 24 hours and you experience a burning sensation while urinating, you should visit a doctor ASAP. We are here for you if you are looking for 24-hour emergency care in Lake Jackson.

Altus Emergency Center (Lake Jackson)

Talk to us if you are looking for an ER in Lake Jackson and let us help you. We can help with abdominal pains and other emergencies. Call us now.

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